The Quran vs Bible, A simple comparison between the Bible and the Noble Qur’an regarding the attributes of God and some other matters.
What is the Qur’an?
The Noble Qur’an is one of the heavenly books, and Muslims believe that it is the sacred word of God, and the first source is Islamic legislation. It is the word of God revealed to His Messenger Muhammad with the revelation through the angel Gabriel. The book in which the Qur’an is written is called the Mushaf. Muslims consider studying and learning the Qur’an and memorizing its verses as one of the most important sciences that they must learn, as they continue to read the Qur’an, study and apply its meanings since their childhood and throughout their lives. Muslims respect the Qur’an very much, for it is for them the eternal miracle of Islam. Therefore, there are etiquettes to listen to or read and recite. The Qur’an calls for important principles upon which Islam is based and which guides the lives of Muslims.
What is the Bible?
The word “Bible” in English comes from Latin and Greek “Bible” meaning “book”, which is an appropriate name since the Bible is the book for all people and all generations. It is an outstanding book, unlike any other.
The Bible consists of 66 books or books. This includes the books of the law such as Leviticus and Deuteronomy; the books of history, such as Ezra and the Acts of the Apostles; the books of poetry, such as the Psalms and the Ecclesiastes; the books of prophecy such as Isaiah and the vision of John; biographical books such as Matthew and John; And (official) letters to the churches, such as the letters of Titus and the Hebrews.
Who wrote it?
The Bible was codified by about 40 people, and it was written over a period of 1,500 years. It was written by kings, fishermen, priests, government officials, peasants, shepherds, and doctors. Despite this diversity, there is an amazing unity that ties the themes of the Bible together.
The Bible is divided into two main parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. In short, the Old Testament is the story of a people, and the New Testament is the story of a person. That nation was God’s means for a person – Jesus Christ – to come into the world.
The difference between the Bible and the Holy Quran
The Quran vs Bible, The differences between the Noble Qur’an and the Bible in its Old and New Testaments are endless and cannot be counted. It suffices to point out that today we cannot refer to the Old Testament as the “Torah” or the New Testament as the “Gospel” because the Old Testament contains what is from the Torah and what is From others, and the New Testament contains what is from the Bible and what is from other than it, and we will try to summarize the differences between the Bible :and the Qur’an as much as possible in the following
Doubt about the name and content
The Holy Quran
His name is the Qur’an, without a doubt, and this name has been mentioned in it since its revelation. We read: Would they not contemplate the Qur’an, had it been from other than God, they would have found in it much discrepancy (An-Nisa’ 4:82).
As for its content, it is consistent with all Muslims, as the number of its surah is undoubtedly 114.
His name is not included in it and has no origin, as well as the names of its two parts “Old Testament” and “New Testament”, these two names are not mentioned in the Bible. Although the Old Testament is supposed to be the Torah and the New Testament is supposed to be the Gospel, the Old Testament is not called the “Torah” because it contains what is from the Torah and what is not without distinction, and the New Testament is also not called the “Gospel” because it contains what is It is from the Bible and what is not from it without distinction.
As for the content of the Bible, there is disagreement among Christian denominations over the number of its books. Orthodox and Catholics believe that the number of books in the Bible is 73, while Protestants believe that the number of books in the Bible is only 66.
Is there guidance or misguidance?
The Holy Quran
In it is guidance for the righteous, for we read: This is the Book of which there is no doubt, a guidance for the righteous (Al-Baqarah 2:2).
And it guides people to the reality of the Lord of people. We read: A light and a clear book has come to you from God. Through it God guides those who pursue His pleasure to the paths of peace, and He brings them out from darkness into the light, by His permission, God Almighty
And God in the Qur’an is a great God. We read: His throne encompasses the heavens and the earth, and their preservation does not harm Him, and He is the Most High, the Great (Al-Baqarah 2:255).
And God in the Qur’an is a mighty God. We read: It is He who shapes you in the wombs as He wills. There is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise (Al Imran 3:6).
And God in the Qur’an is a powerful God. We read: And to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and God has power over all things (Al Imran 3:189).
And if God is a great, mighty, mighty God, who did not need rest or rest after the creation of the universe, then we read: And indeed, We created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six days, and we did not touch Him from darkness (Qur. 38:50).
And God in the Qur’an is a All-Knowing God. We read: it is He who created for you all that is on earth, then leveled Himself to the heavens, and He made them seven heavens, and He is All-Knowing (Al-Baqarah:29)
And God in the Qur’an is eternal and eternal after the destruction of all creatures. We read: Everything is perishable except His Face, His is the judgment, and to Him you shall be returned (Al-Qasas 88:28)
And God in the Qur’an is One and Only One, who endured without a partner or begotten. We read: And they said, “God has taken a son, glory be to Him, but to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Each of them is obedient.” (Al-Baqarah 2:116)
And God in the Qur’an does not resemble His creatures in His knowledge and eternity, nor in the sorrow, regret and regret that befalls creatures. We read: There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing (Al-Shura 11:42).
There are many misguidances in it, and among these misguidances is the attributing comfort and rest to God, may God be exalted above that. God in the Bible is a weak God who needs rest and rest. In the Old Testament we read: “And God finished on the seventh day of His work that He had done. And he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. And God blessed and sanctified the seventh day, because on it he rested from all his work that God had created. (Genesis 2:2-3)
And God in the Bible is similar to His creatures in His knowledge, encompassing, and eternity. In the Bible we read: And the Lord God said: “Behold, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil. And now, perhaps he will stretch out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat and live forever. (Genesis 22:3)
The Bible attributes the child to God, may God be exalted above that, for we read: “And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the earth, and to them were born daughters, that the sons of God are men. And they took wives for themselves from all that they chose.” (Genesis 6:1-2)
The Bible attributes grief, regret and remorse to God, may God be exalted above that. We read: So the Lord grieved that he had worked for man on earth, and he was sorry in his heart. And the Lord said: “I will erase from the face of the earth the man that I created, the man with beasts, beasts, and fowls.” (Genesis 6:6-7)
It is strange that the Noble Qur’an tells us that the Torah was revealed to Moses to guide people and not to mislead them, which means that what is called the Old Testament in the Bible is not the Torah that was revealed to Moses. We read: And when We gave Moses the Book and the Criterion, that you might be guided (Al-Baqarah 2:53)
Permission to read
The Holy Quran
It was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad so that he could recite it to the people and until the people recite it, so he, with all the surahs and verses in it, is suitable for recitation in every place and at every time, whether in prayer or outside it.
Numbers, and even entire chapters of it, are not suitable for recitation, because that is an infringement of modesty and impropriety, and the strange thing is that this affected the prophets themselves, even though it is assumed that they are the best of God’s creation who were sent to guide people. For example, the Bible tells us that God’s prophet Noah drank wine and got drunk and was naked. We read: “And Noah began to be a farmer, and he planted a vineyard. And he drank of the wine, got drunk, and was naked within his tent.” (Genesis 9:20-21)
Being a miracle is not like human speech
The Holy Quran
The miraculous speech of God, which does not resemble human speech, and there are many miracles in it. Among these aspects is the inability of the Arabs, who are masters of eloquence, to come up with even one surah like its surah. We read: And if you are in doubt as to what We have sent down to Our servant, then produce a surah like it and call upon the witnesses from among them (Al-Baqarah 2:23)
Ordinary speech is similar to human speech, but some of it is inferior to human speech. For example, the Bible tells us about wine and fornication in the homes of the prophets. We read: Lot went up from Zoar and dwelt on the hill, and his two daughters with him, because he was afraid to live in Zoar. Dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters. And the firstborn said to the younger, ‘Our father is old, and there is no man in the land to come in to us, as is the custom.’ Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may save offspring from our father.” (Genesis 19:30-32)
It has evidence that it is the word of God
The Holy Quran
There is no limit to the evidence in it that it is the word of God, including the fact that the Prophet Muhammad was illiterate and did not know how to read, write, poetry, or compose, knowing that the Qur’an is a miracle in order and eloquence. Then we read: And you would not recite a book before it, nor would you transcribe it with your right hand, so that the wrongdoers would become suspicious (Al-Ankabut 48:29)
Among these evidences is the inclusion of the Holy Qur’an with scientific facts, historical stories, and minute details that the Prophet Muhammad, his people, or the people of his time did not know, so we read, for example, but not limited to: We tell you the best of stories according to what We have revealed to you this Qur’an, even if you were before them.
The previous verse came at the beginning of Surat Yusuf, and neither the story of our master Yusuf nor other stories of the previous prophets and nations was known to the Prophet Muhammad before his mission, nor to the people of Mecca or the Arabs at all, and only the Jews knew it due to its presence in their books. The Prophet Muhammad was not a reader of these books.
The mere claim that the Bible is the word of God is not found in it at all. We do not find in the Old Testament a text stating that the Old Testament is the Torah or that it is the word of God, unlike the Book of Deuteronomy, which suggests that, but what about the rest of the books of the Old Testament? Likewise, there is no text in the New Testament that says that the New Testament is the Bible or that it is the word of God.
On the contrary, there is endless evidence in the Bible that a large part of it is human speech. For example, the Bible tells us about wine in the houses of the prophets. From the Prophet of God Isaac and his son the Prophet Jacob, we read: He said: “Set me to eat from my son’s game, that my soul may bless you.” So he served him and ate, and brought him wine, and he drank. (Genesis 25:27)
And that is, knowing that alcohol is forbidden and forbidding drinking it in the Bible itself, we read: And the Lord spoke to Harun, saying: “Fine and sugar, do not drink that you and your sons are with you when you enter. Augustly imposed in your ways, and to be distinguished between the sanctuary, the solution, and between the uncleanness and the purified, and the knowledge of the sons of the son. (Leviticus 10:9-11)
The wording is from God
The Holy Quran
The evidence in it is infinite that the formula of the Qur’an is from God, and the Qur’an shows that it was revealed from God to the Prophet Muhammad through the trustee of revelation Gabriel. We read: Say: He who was an enemy of Gabriel, then he brought it down to your heart, by God’s permission, confirming what was between his hands and his eyes: (Al-Baqara and Al-Baqara: 97)
We also read: And We have sent down clear verses to you, and none but the transgressors would deny them (Al-Baqarah 2:99)
In the Bible, both Old and New Testaments, there is evidence that the wording is not from God. For example, we find that the Gospel of John ends with strange phrases as follows: “This is the disciple who testified of these and wrote these things. And we know that his testimony is true. And many other things that Jesus did, if they were written one by one, I do not suppose that the world was the same. Trustworthy”. (John 24:21-25)
It is assumed that these phrases are from the text of the Gospel of John, and this means that these phrases are from the words of John. But it is clear that these phrases, and indeed the entire Gospel of John, were copied from the so-called John, and we do not know exactly who wrote this gospel.
Contradictory and Compatibility of Doctrine and Judgments
The Holy Quran
He continued to descend upon the Prophet Muhammad for 13 years, and the revelation was completed shortly before his death, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him. Therefore, we do not find in the Qur’an a contradiction between its texts in creed or rulings. We read: Would they not contemplate the Qur’an, had it been from other than God, they would have found in it much discrepancy (An-Nisa’ 4:82)
Rather, we find that the Noble Qur’an came to confirm and agree with the previous heavenly books, so we read: And when a book came from them with God, it is true for what they were with them and they were before they were open to those who disbelieved, so they did not come to them.
We find in it a lot of contradictions, whether in doctrine or rulings. As for the doctrine, for example, we find that the New Testament adopts the Lord Christ as a deity, and says of the antiquity of his existence. In the New Testament we read: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This was in the beginning with God”. (John 1:1-2), as we also read: Jesus said to them: “Verily, truly, I say to you: Before Abraham was, I am.” (John 8:58)
As for the Old Testament, there is no explicit mention of the Lord Christ in the Book of Genesis, and it tells us that Adam was the oldest and first human on earth, and God was and Christ was not with him. In the Old Testament, we read: “All the trees of the wilderness were not after the earth, and all the grass of the wilderness did not grow up after, because the Lord of God did not. Then a mist came up from the ground and watered the whole face of the earth. And the Lord God formed Adam from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life. So Adam became a living soul.” (Genesis 2:5-7)
As for the legal rulings, we find, for example, a contradiction also in the ruling on circumcision. We find that the Lord Jesus Christ approves of circumcision, which was approved by the law of Moses, peace be upon him, in the Old Testament. We read: Jesus answered and said to them: I have done one thing, and you all marvel. This is why Moses gave you circumcision, not that it was from Moses, but from the fathers. On the sabbath you circumcise a man. So if a person accepts circumcision on the sabbath, lest the law of Moses be abolished, will you then be angry with me because I am sinning: 2-3?
The language in which it was revealed and the worshiper recited in it
The Holy Quran
It was revealed in the Arabic language from heaven by the trustee of revelation Gabriel, peace be upon him, to the Prophet Muhammad, so he transmitted it in his language to his companions, and his companions transmitted it to us in his own language as well. We read: We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an so that you may understand (Yusuf 12:2)
Despite the permissibility of translating the text of the Noble Qur’an from Arabic into other languages, translations of the Noble Qur’an are not considered Qur’an and are no more than translations of the meanings of the Noble Qur’an. The secret is that the Quranic verse in Arabic gives many meanings, all of which are intended and inspired by God. If the verse is translated into other languages, the translation requires the formulation of only one meaning without the rest of the meanings, and then the translation of the Qur’anic verse in other languages carries only one of its meanings in Arabic, and thus the translation does not convey all the meanings of the Qur’an, but rather strips it of many of its meanings and implications and the miraculous aspect of it. And turn it into a fragmented Qur’an.
In addition to the above, it is not worshiped by reciting the Holy Qur’an, whether in prayer or outside it, except in the Arabic language. As for translations of the meanings of the Noble Qur’an, it is not worshiped by reciting them, whether in prayer or outside it.
The Bible consists of two parts or two testaments: the Old Testament and the New Testament. As for the Old Testament, its original text was written in Hebrew. In spite of this, the Jews do not recognize only the first five books until Deuteronomy, and they do not recognize the rest of the books of the Old Testament despite the fact that the recognized and unrecognized books of the Jews are all written in Hebrew. Therefore, writing the Old Testament in the Hebrew language, which is the language of the Prophet Moses, does not, most likely, mean that it can be attributed to this prophet, or that it can be considered as representing the Torah.
As for the New Testament, its original text was written in Greek, and the language of Jesus Christ was probably Aramaic. This means that the New Testament in its current form is not the Gospel revealed to Jesus Christ, but rather a translation of it into the Greek language if its attribution to Christ is correct and if it is considered the Gospel that was revealed to him. This means that the original text of the New Testament has been lost, and we only have a Greek translation of it.
Pledge to save it
The Holy Quran
Just as we find in the Qur’an what indicates that it is the word of God revealed to His Prophet Muhammad, we also find in it what indicates that it was preserved in the same revealed text until the Day of Resurrection. About this we read in the Holy Qur’an: It is we who have sent down the Remembrance, and we will memorize it (Al-Hijr 15:9)
As we read: And recite what has been revealed to you from the Book of your Lord, there is no changer of His words, and without Him you will not find a united one (27:18).
We also read: Those who disbelieve in the remembrance when it came to them and that it is a precious book. Falsehood does not come to it from before it nor from behind it, a revelation from the Wise, the Praiseworthy (Fussilat 41:41-42).
In addition, the Holy Bible does not contain anything that indicates that it is the word of God explicitly. It does not contain anything that indicates that it has been preserved from distortion, alteration and change.