The history of Islam through its various stages was marked by many events and matters, and it was distinguished by many features from others because of its connection with the final message that God Almighty revealed to His Prophet Muhammad, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him.
While other periods moved away from the approach of God and the law of the Most Merciful, they weakened and seemed to weaken until the near and far were empowered by them, and nations rallied against them.
Stages of the development of The history of Islam
The history of Islam has gone through several stages through which it developed to form the most powerful empire that carried Islam as a slogan and a way of life, and we mention the following:
Dawn of Islam or Fajr Al Islam
The history of Islam began since it dawned on mankind when God sent His Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, to the worlds, and the beginning of his call was in the Quraish in the Arabian Peninsula, where he called his close clan, and those who believed in him believed and others disbelieved in him.
The Islamic call faced difficulties and hardships, as the Prophet remained in Mecca for thirteen years, which he harnessed in order to call to this religion, and after that the divine order came for the Prophet and Muslims to migrate to Medina to begin the phase of building the first Islamic state in Medina.
The first Islamic state
The Islamic call in Medina took another character, when he authorized the Muslims to fight and deter the aggressors, so the Holy Prophet prepared armies in order to spread and protect the Islamic call, so the battles of the Prophet and the Muslims were an example of sacrifice, giving and giving.
The period of the Rightly-Guided Caliphate
When the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, died, the Muslims gathered to choose a successor for him from among the senior companions and their elders, and the opinion settled on choosing Abu Bakr as-Siddiq for his preference and precedence in Islam. Then he completes the mission and sends armies to conquer the Levant, Iraq, Iran, then Egypt, and after him comes the Caliph Othman bin Affan, may God be pleased with him, and he will complete the conquests in Morocco and eastern Iran, then after him the Caliph Ali, may God be pleased with him, who sealed the period of the Rightly-Guided Caliphate with five years that was an example of justice, even if it was punctuated by strife. many in the country.
Umayyad, Abbasid and Ottoman Caliphate
After the Rightly-Guided Caliphate came the Umayyad Caliphate, which took on the character of ownership, even if it was considered one of the golden eras of Islam, as the conquests were completed and the country expanded, and then the Abbasid Caliphate, which lasted for nearly seven hundred years, and then the Ottoman Caliphate, which lasted until 1923 when the Caliphate was overthrown, and the dream of the return of the Islamic Caliphate became A hope that motivates Muslims everywhere to return to Islam and Muslims their dignity and authority.