The Shahada or the two testimonies: “shahadat ‘an la ‘iilah’ iilaa allahu, wa’ana mhmdaan rasul allahi”, the testimony that there is no god but God, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God, are the key to Islam and it is not possible to enter Islam without them, and that is why the Prophet, pray May God’s peace and blessings be upon Muadh bin Jabal, may God be pleased with him, when he sent him to Yemen that the first thing he would call them to would be a testimony that there is no god but God, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.
As for the first word of the shahada: “shahadat ‘an la ‘iilah’ iilaa allahu”, a testimony that there is no god but God, for a person to confess with his tongue and heart that there is no true deity but God Almighty, because God is in the sense of his lord and deification is worship. The meaning is that there is no true deity but God alone.
And this sentence includes negation and affirmation. As for the negation, it is “there is no god.” As for the affirmation, it is “except God.” And God is “the word of majesty” instead of the omitted “no” predicate, and the estimate “There is no true god but God” is an affirmation of the tongue after one believes. It is in the heart that there is no true deity except God Almighty, and this includes devotion of worship to God alone and the denial of worship from anything else.
So, the meaning of: “shahadat ‘an la ‘iilah’ iilaa allahu” is that there is no true deity but God, the Mighty and Sublime. As for the deities besides Him, their divinity that their worshiper claims is not real, i.e. a false divinity, but the true divinity is the divinity of God Almighty.
As for the second word of the shahada “‘ana mhmdaan rasul allahi”, that Muhammad is the Messenger of God, it is acknowledgment by the tongue and belief in the heart that Muhammad bin Abdullah Al-Qurashi, may God bless him and grant him peace, is the Messenger of God Almighty to all creation, from the jinn and mankind.
This testimony requires that you believe the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, in what he has told, and that you comply with his command in what he commanded, and that you avoid what he has forbidden and rebuked, and that you do not worship God except with what he has legislated, and this testimony also requires that you do not believe that the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, has a right. In the Lordship and the management of the universe, or a right in worship, rather he, peace and blessings of God be upon him, is a slave who does not worship, and a messenger who does not lie, and does not possess for himself or for others anything of benefit or harm except what God wills.
The meaning of The Shahada or the two testimonies
The meaning that Islam intends from this sentence is: the acknowledgment that there is no deity worthy of being worshiped except God, who is the Creator, meaning that there is no deity to be truly worshiped but God. And that Muhammad is the messenger whom God sent to mankind to spread Islam among them and to follow his message. The two testimonies are the first pillars of Islam and Islam is not completed to God without it.
In general, The Shahada or the two testimonies include two basic things on which the religion of Islam is based, namely sincerity and following. Sincerity to God in beliefs, worship and deeds, and following the Sunnah of His Messenger.
Among the requirements of witnessing that Muhammad is the Messenger of God, obeying him in what he commanded, believing in what he told, avoiding what he forbade and forbade, and not worshiping God except by what he legislated.
The Shahada or the two testimonies conditions
The two testimonies or The Shahada will not be accepted from the one who brought them unless he achieves:
1- Knowledge of its meaning is negation and affirmation.
2- Heart stabilization out.
3- Obedience to her outwardly and inwardly.
4- Acceptance is not received anything of its requirements and requirements.
5- fidelity to it.
6- Honesty comes from the heart, not just with the tongue.